Lithuanistics encompasses the evolution of the state of Lithuania, including its society, culture, language, its heritage and present state as well as history of science and terminology.
Development of Lithuanistics is considered a priority research area and one of main pillars of Lithuanian science and education, while (scientific and education) institutions participating in the implementation of this priority are considered as conducting a strategic activity (of national level).
To finance the research in this area the Council proceeds with programmes dealing with Lituanistics specifically and focused on research in different fields of Lithuanian studies, dissemination of the results of such research and enhancement of researcher qualification, development and monitoring of digital information resources in Lithuanian studies, national and international dissemination of studies of Lithuanian philology, promotion of international relations and international recognition as well as publishing of works in Lithuanian philology.
The Council also maintains several Lituanistics related National Research Programmes.
The Council is also overseeing a development of international reserach database 'Lituanistika', which contains more than 40 thousand Lithuanian scientific papers on the subject, many available in full-text.