The first task of the National Research Programme 'Healthy Ageing' – to develop new methods for the evaluation and prevention of disease risk factors; to research and evaluate their impact upon the duration of a healthy, good quality life. Four measures have been envisaged with respect to the first task under the Programme:
Measure 1 – to assess the epidemiological situation of ageing-related diseases and its changes with a view to scientifically substantiating strategies for the preventive treatment of such diseases through reference to life-style, biological and genetic factors.
It is of the utmost importance to assess the epidemiological situation of ageing-related diseases and its changes with a view to scientifically substantiating strategies for the prevention of such diseases through reference to life-style, biological and genetic factors.
Measure 2 – to assess the development of the risk factors of ageing-related degenerative diseases in different periods of life, and forecast the risk factors.
It is important to study susceptibility to oncological diseases and the genetic factors predisposing diseases, cardiac insufficiency prevention measures, cardiovascular diseases continuum concept, the reasons for progressing changes in the musculoskeletal system, as well as conducting research in age-related macular degeneration, sensory impairment, anxiety, appearance of depression and the disorders of the cognitive functions.
Measure 3 – to develop an individual-specific preventive treatment methodology with reference to genetic, life-style, metabolism, nutrition, and psychosocial factors.
This will involve research into which genetic, life-style or psychological factors contribute to the ability to remain healthy and independent. An integrated survey of such factors and the assessment of their interaction would be instrumental in developing preventive methods designed to maintain physical and cognitive functions, as well as the quality of life and independence of the elderly.
Measure 4 – to assess the physical and psychological well-being of the elderly and its determinants.
The integrated research of the reasons for psychological health disorders (life-style, socio-economic, environment and genetic factors) as well as research into the pathophysiological mechanism would facilitate the creation of models for efficient integrated preventive treatments which could be implemented by different institutions. In addressing the issue special attention is devoted to cohort studies (long-term observation) which dispose of biobanks and an efficient outcome (new cases of the disease, complications, disability, deaths) registration system.