National Research Programmes
The goal of National Research Programmes (NRP) is to initiate scientific research for definite problems, concentrating national research potential and fueling it with appropriate funding. Each Programme is a sum of research, methodologies and measures all tailored to a specific theme, providing most optimal conditions for a country to solve strategically important problems. In order to focus on the most competent research approaches and to promote Lithuanian research competitiveness the funding under these Programmes is given to the winning tenders in a public competition.
Since year 2010 there are 10 approved NRP in total:
- Future Energy (2010-2014). The programme is aimed at solving the most important scientific problems of Lithuania’s energy security, increasing the energy efficiency, and improving the future energy generation and supply technologies and their optimal integration in the energy sector in Lithuania.
- Chronic Non-Infectious Diseases (2010-2014). The programme analyzes the risks and impacts of chronic non-infectious of diseases and develops the theoretical basis of the health care strategy of Lithuania.
- Ecosystems in Lithuania: Climate Change and Human Impact (2010-2014). This programme is aimed to study the conditions, development, and ways to protect natural ecosystems in the context of both the global climate change and the anthropogenic effects. The subject of the research is the recent and ancient natural and anthropogenic biological invasions along with species habitat change, which serves as a sensitive indicator of vulnerability and adaptation of Lithuania‘s ecosystems and their compounds.
- Social Challenges to National Security (2010-2013). The programme investigates the origin, contents, scope and tendencies of social phenomena posing threat to national security. It seeks to make strategic decisions and to foresee measures and recommendations to overcome threats to national security.
- Healthy and Safe Food (2011-2015). The programme is designed to comprehensively research the storage, transportation and processing of food products. The results of the research should become the basis for improving the biological value of food, developing new food products as well as supply of safe and wholesome food.
- The State and the Nation: Heritage and Identity (2010-2014). The aim of the NRP “State and Nation: Heritage and Identity” is to formulate the general theoretical concept of social and cultural identity, to examine and evaluate the development of specific identity forms in the aspects of heritage, contemporary state of identity and impacts of the modern world challenges.
- Towards future technologies (2016–2021). The programme is designed to create the preconditions for the development of future technologies and to enhance the potential of Lithuanian studies and research institutions and prepare them for participation in the research and technologies programmes implemented by the European Space Agency and to create a favourable international context and the conditions for research to build up a basis for developing future technologies, promoting innovations and enhancing Lithuania's competitiveness and security.
- Welfare society (2015–2020). The objective of the programme is to produce a comprehensive analysis of the preconditions, factors and trends for the development of a welfare society in Lithuania, to study the possibilities and the obstacles for its development, and to help public authorities to pass strategic decisions and recommendations for the development of a welfare society.
- Sustainability of agro-, forest and water ecosystems (2015–2021). The purpose of the programme is to understand and be able to forecast the general effects of climate change and the intensive use of ecosystem resources, and to obtain new fundamental and empiric knowledge to enable the avoidance of threats related to these effects.
- Healthy ageing (2015–2021). The purpose of the programme is to obtain the new scientific knowledge required to extend the duration of a healthy and quality life in Lithuania and to find solutions regarding issues in the healthy ageing biomedicine and social medicine of Lithuanian society through the development of science and technologies, as well as the results of fundamental and applied research.
- Modernity in Lithuania (2017-2022) The programme is designed to comprehensively research the problem of a relatively slow modernisation of Lithuania and comparatively limited international competitiveness of humanities by bringing together the best Lithuanian and foreign researchers able to carry out innovative integrated studies of the modernisation processes on-going in Lithuania, as well as of the manifestation of modernity in Lithuania, and ensure a proper dissemination of their results in the public.