The Council has been carrying out its expert activities, research evaluation and performing other related functions since its very establishment in 1991. Proposals and recommendations drafted be the Council are communiated to the Parliament and the Government. The Council organises the evaluation of research activities carried out in Lithaunia, provides its conclusions concerning the performace of research and studies institutions, evaluates the applications of institutions to be granted the right to conduct doctoral studies, and submits candidates for the position of the Supervisor of acadimic ethics and procedures.
The Council has been developing the database of experts that lists competent reesearch and practioners. The Council applies international practice and includes foreign experts into the evaluations carried out by the Council. For the purpose of expanding the database of experts the Council maintains close cooperation relations with the Reserach Council of Norway, the National Reserach Council of Latvia and other similar organisations.